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Analysis of the New WTO Agriculture and NAMA Texts of 6 December 2008 (No. 37)

USD 6.00 Publisher: TWN
ISBN: 978-983-2729-70-9
Year: 2009
No. of pages: 24
Size of book: 16.5cm x 24cm
Author: Martin Khor
About the Book

The Doha Round of multilateral negotiations at the World Trade Organisation (WTO) has been hamstrung by deep differences between WTO member states over the direction of trade reform in the agricultural and manufactured goods sectors. The latest attempt to break this deadlock is the release on 6 December 2008 of revised draft modalities texts for agriculture and non-agricultural market access (NAMA, which is concerned with industrial trade) by the chairpersons of the negotiations in these areas.

This paper examines the provisions of the two texts and finds that they retain many of the imbalances from previous drafts and proposals which could not gain consensus among the WTO membership. Both the agriculture and NAMA texts cater to the sensitivities of developed countries, which would see little, if any, substantial reduction in their applied tariffs and subsidies. In contrast, many developing countries would have to undertake drastic tariff cuts without much flexibility to safeguard their policy space for future development strategies.

About the Author

MARTIN KHOR is Director of the Third World Network. An economist trained in Cambridge University, he is the author of several books and articles on trade, development and environment issues.



NAMA coefficients and flexibilities
Further restrictions through anti-concentration clause and sectoral approach

Overall trade-distorting domestic support (OTDS)
Sensitive Products
Special Products
Special Safeguard Mechanism (SSM)


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This product was added to our catalog on Wednesday 18 January, 2012.

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